LLB AG's risk policy is governed, in legal and operative terms, by the Liechtenstein Banking Law, the corresponding Banking Ordinance and the principles of the Basel Committee for Banking Supervision as well as by the bank's own statutes and business regulations. The ultimate responsibility for basic risk policy and for continually monitoring the bank's risk exposure lies with the Board of Directors. In fulfilling this function, it is supported by the Group Audit & Risk Committee. The Board of Management has overall responsibility for risk management. It is supported by separate expert committees. An independent Group Risk Management monitors compliance with the issued regulations.
On the basis of its business activity, LLB AG is exposed primarily to interest rate fluctuation, share price and currency risks. The Group Risk Management Committee is responsible for managing risks associated with trading activities, and the Asset & Liability Committee for controlling interest rate fluctuation risks. These bodies limit risk exposure using sensitivity and value-at-risk analyses. Aggregate risks are analysed and worst-case scenarios are simulated on a regular basis.
Credit default risks
Credit and lending facilities are extended primarily in interbank business, in private and corporate client business mainly on a secured basis, and in business transactions with public authorities. The Group Credit Risk Committee is responsible for credit risk management. The bank pursues a conservative collateral lending policy. Credits and loans are granted within the scope of strict credit approval procedures. An internal rating system is employed to determine risk-related terms and conditions. A limits system based on the creditworthiness of the individual country is used to control country risks.
Valuation estimates of real estate are stipulated in internal directives. The market value, which serves as the basis for loan-to-value ratios, is determined as follows:
- owner-occupied property: actual value
- investment property: productive and actual value, depending on the property and the ratio of productive to actual value
- owner-used commercial or industrial property: the productive and actual values attainable on the market, depending on the property and the ratio of productive to actual value
- building land: internally stipulated price estimates taking into consideration future use
Operational and legal risks
Internal regulations and directives concerning organization and controls are employed to limit exposure to operative and legal risks. In formulating these instructions, the Board of Management is supported by the Operational Risk Committee. Compliance with these regulations is regularly checked by the Group Compliance and Group Operational Risk/ICS Department and by the Group Internal Audit Department. External legal experts are brought in on a case-by-case basis to control and manage legal risks.
Liquidity risks are monitored and managed in accordance with the provisions of banking law.
Business policy concerning the use of derivative financial instruments
Within the scope of balance sheet management, interest rate swaps are concluded to hedge interest rate fluctuation risks. Furthermore, derivative financial instruments are employed primarily within the context of transactions for clients. Both standardized and OTC derivatives are traded for the account of clients.